Teaching remotely poses ethical concerns unique to the remote situation. The problem is much more complicated when distance education now includes online instruction. The moral dilemmas that teachers and students encounter are amplified in online learning contexts.
Top 6 Ethical Issues in Online Learning
Online video conferencing platforms and others bridge linguistic, cultural, and physical boundaries. They accommodate complex discourses and various relationships. Different types of data are automatically stored in a large permanent form. We highlight ethical concerns about fairness and diversity, surveillance and consent, and identification and confidentiality in discussing the practices and welfare of the faculty and students.
The main ethical issues in online learning include:
The integrity of Online Academic Assessment
Online testing frequently increases the risk of academic dishonesty or cheating during the academic learning process. Taking credit for someone else’s work is the most prevalent type of academic dishonesty. In addition, the learners’ lack of preparation and interest in the learning module can be linked to academic dishonesty.
It can also be linked to informal collaboration to fool the system by engaging in widespread cheating without concern for being found or punished. This is one of the significant ethical issues that exist during online learning programs.
Adoption of Wrong Narratives
Students may not be able to connect with the intent of the teacher. It can facilitate room for misunderstandings and students’ adoption of wrong narratives. Instructors might not be able to influence the students the way they want.
The absence of natural bodies in the online classroom makes it less difficult for students to engage in outside conversation about the instructor’s behavior or the subject matter of their lectures. In addition, this makes it possible for online instructors to influence students’ political, religious, or other viewpoints through the virtual classroom.
It takes a lot of planning and content creation for the lectures to interest students online. There are many obstacles to productive dialogue and many effects of online learning. Sometimes, students choose not to engage out of boredom or because they are sick of sitting online all-day long lectures.
Additionally, seeing their classmates in person motivates kids to participate actively in class, which is regrettably lacking in a virtual classroom. Both the student and the teacher may feel anxious as a result.
Chances of Missed Deadlines
Distance learning courses have been observed to encourage procrastination more than traditional courses. Regular interaction with teachers might help prevent procrastination. Give students the impression that they have essential duties to do on time. Distributed deadlines encourage students to work on their assignments for longer periods. Distance education does not build that much pressure.
Improved online learning can produce favorable outcomes. Students manage their academic schedules around their everyday duties by using calendars with listed start and finish dates for assignments, discussion topics, and chat activities. However, if little carelessness occurs, it can be problematic.
Proctored and UnProctored Exams
When it comes to unethical methods, there aren’t many distinctions between proctored tests administered online and offline. There aren’t many disparities in the students’ scores either. Exams without proctoring are more likely to include unethical behavior and produce better test scores.
This is because the online question bank allows test-takers to confirm the answers. However, it was discovered that proctoring exams significantly reduced the performance gaps between question bank tests and paraphrased item tests.
When educators first try to implement online learning platforms, the students and young teachers who are more tech-savvy will quickly adjust to the new technology. However, there are places where internet access is not available. Frequent internet connection issues could be a challenge for both students and teachers.
There are many e-learning courses available as well. However, not every student can attend a class every day. It could cause significant learning deficits, especially in impoverished areas. It is one of the major hurdles in the path of learning online.
Distance learning has advanced significantly since it was first used as a teaching method. However, some challenges and ethical issues must be handled to execute the tactics properly. For this, it is essential for both educational institutions, including teachers and students, to work on self-reflection using different reflection models and come together to prevent ethical issues in this new form of learning.
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